Travelogues

National Palace Museum – Garland of Treasures 集瓊藻 #2 – Stationery 文房用具

“Garland of Treasures” 集瓊藻 is the name of a treasure box that Emperor Qianlong owned and kept some of his favourite curios. This permanent exhibition at the National Palace Museum displayed some of the best treasures from his collections.

清 乾隆 「集瓊藻」多寶格木匣 “A Garland of Treasures” wood box, Qing dynasty, Qianlong reign (1736-1795)

These boxes were originally used for scholars going to Beijing for their imperial exams, for them to organise and keep their stationery and books. And after they became successful, these boxes were repurposed to keep curios and collectables when they went on a trip.

So let’s start with the original purpose – stationery.

文房四寶 Four Treasures of the Study

We refer to brush, ink, paper and ink stone as the four treasures of the study. And over the years, these items have been the collectibles by aficionados.

Qing dynasty stationery 清代文房四寶

And every study would need to have the basic four items called the Four Treasures 文房四寶 – 筆墨紙硯 brush, ink, paper and ink stone. As scholastic achievement was placed above all other achievements in feudal China (and some would say even in modern China), these basic stationery can become very extravagant as the users advance in their careers (and wealth).

  • 清 乾隆 雕象牙螭龍紋壓尺 
    Carved ivory ruler-weight with hornless-dragon decoration, Qianlong reign (1736-1795), Qing dynasty
  • 清 水晶獸形匜式水注 
    Rock crystal water dripper in the form of a beast-shaped yi vessel, Qing dynasty (1644-1911)
  • 清 十八世紀 中隱半山 雕竹竹節臂擱 
    Wrist rest in the shape of bamboo sections, by Chung-yin pan-shan. 18th century, Qing dynasty.
  • 清 雕象牙筆 
    Carved ivory writing brush , Qing dynasty (1644-1911)
  • 清 十八—十九世紀 芝岩款 雕象牙印泥盒 秦孝儀先生捐贈 
    Seal paste box. 18th-19th centuries, Mid Qing dynasty. Donated by Mr. Chin Hsiao-yi.
  • 清 十九世紀下半 雕象牙印矩 秦孝儀先生捐贈 
    Ivory stamp positioner. Second half of the 19th century, Qing dynasty. Donated by Mr. Chin Hsiao-yi.
  • 清 十九世紀下半 何昆玉刻「言顧行 行顧言」石印 陳之邁先生捐贈 
    Stone seal by He Kun-yu. Second half of the 19th century, Qing dynasty. Donated by Mr. Chen Chih-mai.
  • 清 雕木嵌骨書几式多寶格 吉星福、張振芳伉儷捐贈 
    Carved wood curio box with bone inlay in the form of a table stand. Qing dynasty (1644-1911).Donated by Mr. and Mrs. Chi Hsing-fu and Chang Chen-fang
  • 清 歙石太極硯 附松花石硯盒 
    She taiji inkstone (with Songhua inkstone box), 17th-18th century, Qing dynasty

鑲玉嬰戲插屏 Table screen with carved jade inlays of children playing

Table screen with carved jade inlays of children playing, Qianlong reign (1736-1795), Qing dynasty 清 乾隆 鑲玉嬰戲插屏

The carved wooden plaque is embedded with two pieces of jade carved with a boy pattern. The wood carvings on both sides are matched with jade carvings, and they are combined into a picture of nine children in a garden teasing a baby resting in the shades of the banana tree. Under the wooden seat, there is a poem written by Emperor Qianlong in the Li script 隸書 in 1754 (19th year of his reign):「七情之發真惟孩,童子嬉戲良可咍,以手捫目臨虛階,蕉陰竹蔭青雀嵬,玉人抱璞雕奇環,睢睢于于意自佳,蒙叟所謂天全哉。乾隆甲戌秋御題」

磁胎洋彩御製詩圓筆筒 Round brush holder in yang-ts’ai enamels with imperial poem décor

Round brush holder in yang-ts’ai enamels with imperial poem décor 1742, Qing dynasty, Qianlong reign 清 乾隆七年 磁胎洋彩御製詩圓筆筒

This work is round and straight, with three legs underneath. The outer wall is covered with white glaze. It is written on the imperial poems made in the first year of Qianlong. The interior and bottom of the vessel are painted with lake green glaze. The rim is painted with gold color. “Qianlong reign” seal is affixed on the base. There are six imperial poems written in ink on the surface, all of which are lyrical chants. This shows that Qianlong imitating the romantic literati, “reminiscing about the scenery, expressing the thoughts into the setting the sun”. Frankly, Qianlong’s poems were quite bad that they were all left out of the curriculum for Chinese literature studies.

雕竹郭子儀免冑圖筆筒 Bamboo brush-holder depicting Marshal Guo Ziyi with his helmet and armor removed

明末清初 雕竹郭子儀免冑圖筆筒 Bamboo brush-holder depicting Marshal Guo Ziyi with his helmet and armor removed. Late Ming to early Qing dynasty.

The whole vessel is taken from a section of thick bamboo stem, and one end is left as the base of the vessel. The picture carved on the bamboo is the story of the legendary Tang dynasty general Guo Ziyi defeating the enemy without using force. 郭子儀免冑圖 “General Guo Ziyi removing his armours” depicted the scene when the enemies of the General in full armoury bowing in defeat in front of a civilian dressed Guo Ziyi, demonstrating the respect his opponents have of him.

The patterns on bamboo carvings during the Jiading period in the late Ming Dynasty were mainly landscape figures, pine trees and mountain stones. The main motif of this bamboo brush holder was no different. This is the work of one of the leading bamboo carving family known as 嘉定三朱 “Three Zhus of Jiading”. The three generations of artisans are great painters and calligraphers, but it was their bamboo carvings that the collector world sought after. This was an example of their work, but it was not know which Zhu carved it.

水晶筆架 Rock crystal brush stand in the shape of a mountain

明 水晶筆架  Rock crystal brush stand in the shape of a mountain, Ming dynasty (1368-1644)
明 水晶筆架 Rock crystal brush stand in the shape of a mountain, Ming dynasty (1368-1644)

Crystal, translucent, with sandy and cleavage surfaces. Five mountain-shaped, the mountains stretch in irregular flow lines.

清 玉筆筒 玉筆架 
Jade brush holder and brush stand, Qing dynasty (1644-1911)

清 玉筆筒 
Jade brush holder, Qing dynasty (1644-1911)

About the National Palace Museum

The National Palace Museum (國立故宮博物院) was originally founded within the walls of the Beijing Forbidden City in 1925, the present-day National Palace Museum moved to Taipei’s Shilin District following the Republic of China government relocation in 1949 with an official opening for the public in 1965.

Over 600,000 of the most precious artefacts within the collection were moved to Taiwan to prevent their desecration during and after the Chinese Civil War. 

Due to the enormous numbers of collection spreads over 4 floors and 2 exhibition halls, the museum’s exhibits continuously rotate, as only a small percentage of the museum’s collection can be displayed at a given time to prevent wear and tear, so there will always be a new series of collection being exhibited on each visit! 

Date Visited : Oct 2018

0 comments on “National Palace Museum – Garland of Treasures 集瓊藻 #2 – Stationery 文房用具

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

<span>%d</span> bloggers like this: